Code of Ethics


  1. The Editor, with the assistance of the Editorial Board of the journal, will consider all manuscripts submitted for publication to Estudios Económicos based solely on the academic and scientific merits of the submission.
  2. All submissions are initially screened by the Editor, with the assistance from the Editorial Board of the journal, to determine their suitability for publication. Submissions that do not fit with the subject matter of the journal, breach its code of ethics, fail to make a significant contribution to the existing literature, lack originality, or clearly fail to meet minimum standards of academic quality will be declined for publication without being sent for peer review.
  3. All submissions that are approved by the Editor, with the assistance from the Editorial Board of the journal, will enter a double-blind peer review process. Under no circumstances will the names of the authors or reviewers be disclosed.
  4. The Editor, with the assistance of the Editorial Board of the journal, will select a minimum of two expert referees to review the manuscript. These expert referees may be members of the Editorial Board of the journal, affiliated researchers of the Center for Economic Studies of El Colegio de México, or renowned specialists affiliated with domestic or foreign research institutions.
  5. The publication decisions of all submissions are based exclusively on the referee reports and recommendations from the peer review process. In the case the referee reports and recommendations are contradictory the Editor, with the assistance of the Editorial Board of the journal, will determine the suitability of the manuscript for publication. In this case, the Editor may request one or more additional expert referees to help with the evaluation of the manuscript. The final publication decision of all submissions rests with the Editor.
  6. The Editor is responsible for informing the submitting author of the results from the peer review process via a decision letter, accompanied by the corresponding anonymous reviews.
  7. To avoid possible conflicts of interest, article submissions from the Editor of the journal are not permitted. Submissions from members of the Editorial Board of the journal are permitted. In such cases, the submitted manuscript will be handled only by the Editor with no assistance from the Editorial Board of the journal.
  8. The Editor and the Editorial Board of the journal reserve the right to revoke the acceptance of any manuscript, if evidence of plagiarism or poor scientific practices is found, such as the manipulation of references or the fabrication of data and results, which are in direct violation with the ethical principles of El Colegio de México ( Furthermore, the Editor and the Editorial Board are responsible for settling any case of controversy surrounding the publication, including plagiarism practices, manipulation of citations and fabrication of data, among others, and to act in accordance with the ethical principles of El Colegio de México and the journal's Code of Ethics.


  1. Manuscripts submitted to Estudios Económicos should be original and must not have been published in the same or different language or be under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  2. Authors must fully comply with the style and formatting requirements of the journal contained in the Instructions for Authors.
  3. Authors must ensure that all relevant and related work is fully referenced. Any evidence of plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) will result in the automatic rejection of the manuscript. Estudios Económicos reserves the right to use professional specialist anti-plagiarism software to help in the detection of plagiarism. All cases of plagiarism are reviewed by the Editorial Board of the journal. The imposition and severity of sanctions for offenders are the responsibility of the Editorial Board of the journal.
  4. Authors must never engage in fraudulent behavior. This includes both the fabrication and falsification of data to obtain particular results.
  5. All co-authors share joint responsibility for the submission and the research content of the manuscript.
  6. Any change to the authorship (i.e., the addition or deletion of author names) of a submitted manuscript requires the approval of the Editor before the final decision on publication is made.
  7. If a significant error or mistake is discovered by the authors, the Editor must be notified immediately, even if the paper has already been published.
  8. Authors must acknowledge all sources of research funding and disclose any other financial support received. Such information should be inserted into a footnote on the title page of the manuscript.
  9. For manuscripts that are accepted for publication, the authors must transfer the copyright of the article to the publisher of the journal to enable the publication and distribution of the article in both print and electronic formats. The authors retain the rights to distribute the article free of charge for academic or scientific purposes. For the republication of articles (including translations) originally published in Estudios Económicos, permission must be obtained in writing from the Editor.
  10. Authors are responsible for acknowledging the contribution of all their collaborators and other authors who participated in the creation of the article.


  1. By agreeing to review a submission for Estudios Económicos, the referee must evaluate the manuscript in an objective, professional, and confidential manner. Referees should not agree to review a submission if it is outside their area of expertise.
  2. The referee must provide an anonymous report that can be shared with the authors and a confidential recommendation letter to the Editor clearly explaining the reasoning behind their recommendation for publication. The referee can recommend that the manuscript be rejected for publication, returned for revision, conditionally accepted, or accepted. If the referee recommends that the manuscript is returned for revision, all necessary changes and corrections should be clearly discussed in their anonymous report to the authors.
  3. The referee is obliged to report to the Editor any evidence of unethical behavior such as plagiarism, falsification of information and publication duplication.
  4. A referee that is no longer able to review a submission due to unforeseen circumstances should contact the Editor as soon as possible.
  5. Referees who detect a conflict of interest should contact the Editor as soon as possible.
  6. The referee must treat the manuscript under review as confidential. The referee should not use any content of the manuscript for their own benefit, nor circulate the manuscript to third parties.