Wage and occupational polarization in Mexico: 2005-2017

  • Gonzalo García Ramírez Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
  • Gabriela García Ramírez Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas, A.C.
Keywords: polarization, inequality, informal labor markets, discrimination
JEL Classification: I32, D63, o15, J46, J71

Abstract

This research analyzes the phenomenon of wage and occupational polarization in the Mexican labor market during the period 2005-2017, based on a division of the labor market into formal and informal employment as well as gender. Through a decomposition by level of skills it is suggested that there is a process of incipient polarization in the formal market and a canonical process of polarization in the informal market. In the same way, the index DER corroborate an increase in the wage and occupational polarization in the period. Likewise, a breakdown of components shows that labor market segmentation, union weakness, size of establishments and labor discrimination are some of the main causes of wage and occupational polarization in Mexico.

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Published
01-01-2020
How to Cite
García Ramírez, G., & García Ramírez, G. (2020). Wage and occupational polarization in Mexico: 2005-2017. Estudios Económicos, 35(1), 153-188. https://doi.org/10.24201/ee.v35i1.400