Do indigenous peoples benefit from poverty programs? Evidence from Mexico's 2000 census
Indigenous peoples are among the poorest in Latin America, and it is often argued that social policies do not reach them. At the same time, several countries have implemented in recent years new programs for poverty reduction that should have benefited the indigenous. In this paper, we use data from Mexico's 2000 census to test whether indigenous peoples living in the southern states of Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca benefit from three large government programs: PROGRESA, FISM, and PROCAMPO. We find that indigenous peoples are benefiting more than non-indigenous peoples from these programs, which are reducing poverty in a substantial way.
Bello, A. M. and M. Rangel (2000). Etnicidad, raza y equidad en América Latina y el Caribe, CEPAL, Chile.
Cord, C., and Q. Wodon (2001). “Do Mexico´s Agricultural Programs Alleviate Poverty? Evidence from the Ejido Sector”, Cuadernos de Economía, sol. 114, pp. 239-256.
Foster, J., J. Greer, and E. Thorbecke (1984). “A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures”, Econometrica, vol. 52, pp. 761-766.
Giugale, M. M. and S. B. Webb (eds.) (2000). Achievements and Challenges of Fiscal Decentralization: Lessons from Mexico, World Bank, Washington DC.
Psacharopoulos, G., and H. A. Patrinos (eds.) (1994). Indigenous People and Poverty in Latin America, Avebury, Aldershot.
Sadoulet. E., A. de Janvry and B. Davis (2001). “Cash Transfers Programs with Multipliers: PROCAMPO in Mexico”, World Development, vol. 29(6), pp. 1043-1056.
Skoufias, Emmanuel (2001). PROGRES and its Impacts on Human Capital and Welfare of the Households in Rural Mexico: A Synthesis of the Results of an Evaluation, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.
Stavenhagen, R. (1999). “The Indigenous Peoples of Latin America in a Globalized Economy”, International Policy Review, vol. 8, pp. 133-141.
Wodon, Q. et al (2002). “The Impact of Public Transfers on Inequality and Social Welfare: Comparing Mexico´s PROGRESA to other Government Programs”, Research on Income Inequality (forthcoming).
Wodon, Q. et al (2001). “Poverty in Latin America: Trends (1986-1998) and Determinants”, Cuadernos de Economía, vol. 114, pp. 127-154.
Abstract viewed - 346 times
PDF downloaded: 138 times