A long-term employment deprivation index for Mexico

  • Rocío García Díaz Tecnológico de Monterrey
  • Daniel Prudencio Tecnológico de Monterrey
Keywords: employment deprivation, labor market, unemployment, multidimensional analysis
JEL Classification: J01, J08, J2, J6


This paper presents a multidimensional index that considers a series of dimensions and related indicators that characterize the quality and quantity of employment. The paper focuses on the microeconomic aspects of labor market which add to the macroeconomic dimensions of labor and help to thoroughly depict labor market situations at an individual level. We carried out a multidimensional analysis that took into account persistence and duration of some households features that may predispose to unemployment in the long-term. Based on the Mexican labor survey Encuesta nacional de ocupación y empleo (ENOE) for years 2007 and 2014 we analyzed the dynamics of long-term employment deprivation in Mexico.


Alkire, S., M. Apablaza, S. Chakravarty, and G. Yalonetzky. 2014. Measuring chronic multidimensional poverty: A counting approach, OPHI, Working Paper No. 75.

Alkire, S. and J. Foster. 2011. Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement, Journal of Public Economics, 95(7-8): 476-487.

Beccaria, L., A. L. Fernández, R. Maurizio, P. Monsalvo, and M. Alvarez. 2011. Dynamics of poverty, labor markets, and public policies in Latin America, Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP) Research Network, Canadá.

Cassar, L. 2010. Quality of employment and job satisfaction: Evidence from Chile, OPHI, (unpublished).

Chen, M. A., J. Vanek, and M. Carr. 2004. Mainstreaming Informal Employment and Gender in Poverty Reduction. A Handbook for Policy-makers and Other Atakeholders, Commonwealth Secretariat/IDRC.

Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social (Coneval). 2014. Metodología para la medición de la pobreza en México, México.

Foster, J. E. 2009. A class of chronic poverty measures, in T. Addison, H. Hulme and R. Kanbur (eds.), Poverty Dynamics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Oxford University Press, pp. 59-76.

Foster, J. E. and M. E. Santos. 2012. Measuring chronic poverty, in G. Betti and A. Lemmi (eds.), Poverty and Social Exclusion: New Methods of Analysis, Routledge, ch. 8.

Freije, S., G. López-Acevedo, and E. Rodríguez-Oreggia. 2011. Effects of the 2008-09 economic crisis on labor markets in Mexico, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, No. 5840.

Hussmanns, R. 2004. Measuring the informal economy: From employment in the informal sector to informal employment, Integration Working Paper, No. 53.

ILO. 2002. Decent work and informal economy, report VI (1), International Labour Conference, 90th Session, Geneva.

Inchauste, G. 2012. Jobs and transition out of poverty: A literature review, Background Paper for the World Development Report 2013, World Bank, Washington.

INEGI. 2007. Encuesta nacional de ocupación y empleo,<www.inegi.org.mx>.

INEGI. 2014. Encuesta nacional de ocupación y empleo, México.

Joutard, X., and L. Sagaon. 2006. Unemployment and employment dynamics in the Mexican segmented labour market, GREQAM, document de travail No. 2006-24.

Lugo, M. A. 2007. Employment: A proposal for internationally comparable indicators, Oxford Development Studies, 35(4): 361-378.

Osberg, L., and A. Sharpe. 2002. An index of economic well-being for selected OECD countries, Review of Income and Wealth, 48(3): 291-316.

Osberg, L., and A. Sharpe. 2005. How should we measure the “economic” aspects of well-being? Review of Income and Wealth, 51(2): 311-336.

Rodríguez-Oreggia, E., B. López-Videla, and D. Prudencio. 2013. Labor vulnerability and the evolution of the working poor in Mexico, paper presented in the IARIW-IBGE conference on income, wealth and well-being in Latin America (unpublished).

Rodriguez-Oreggia, E., D. Cardozo-Medeiros, and P. Parra-Diaz. 2014. Measuring a territorial labor market development index, MPRA Paper No. 54439.

Sen, A. 1976. Poverty: An ordinal approach to measurement, Econometrica, 44(2): 219-231.

Sen, A. 1993. Markets and freedoms: Achievements and limitations of the market mechanism in promoting individual freedoms, Oxford Economic Papers, 45(4): 519-541.

Sen, A. 1997. Inequality, unemployment and contemporary Europe, International Labour Review, 136(2): 155–171.

Shorrocks, A. 2009a. On the measurement of unemployment, The Journal of Economic Inequality, 7(3): 311-327.

Shorrocks, A. 2009b. Spell incidence, spell duration and the measurement of unemployment, The Journal of Economic Inequality, 7(3): 295-310.

Schwerdt, G., and J. Turunen. 2007. Growth in euro area labor quality, Review of Income and Wealth, 53(4): 716-734.

The World Bank. 2013. The World Bank Annual Report 2013, Washington.

How to Cite
García DíazR., & PrudencioD. (2017). A long-term employment deprivation index for Mexico. Estudios Económicos, 32(1), 133-165. https://doi.org/10.24201/ee.v32i1.5
  • Abstract viewed - 460 times
  • PDF downloaded - 102 times
  • XML downloaded - 0 times