Conditional cash transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts upon inequality

  • Sergei Soares Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
  • Rafael Guerreiro Osório International Poverty Centre, UNDP
  • Fábio Veras Soares Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
  • Marcelo Medeiros Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
  • Eduardo Zepeda Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Keywords: Conditional Cash Transfers, CCT, Inequality, Gini decomposition
JEL Classification: D31


We decompose changes in the Gini coefficient to investigate whether the Conditional Cash Tranfers (CCT) have had an inequality reducing effect in three Latin American countries: Brasil, Mexico and Chile. We conclude that CCT programs helped reducing inequality between the mid-1990s and the mid-2000s. The share of total income represented by the CCTs is very small, less than 1%. But as their targeting is outstanding, the equalising impact of CCTs was responsible for about 21% of the fall in Brazilian and Mexican inequality figures In Chile the effect was responsible for around 15% of the reduction.


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How to Cite
SoaresS., Guerreiro OsórioR., Veras SoaresF., MedeirosM., & ZepedaE. (2009). Conditional cash transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: Impacts upon inequality. Estudios Económicos, 207-224.
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